A Common Repertoire:

According to the second edition of Pleasures,there are eight stories that people would like to tell their children without consulting a book:[1]

"Little Red Riding Hood" "The Three Little Pigs" "Goldilocks and the Three Bears" "Hansel and Gretel"
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"Jack and the Beanstalk" "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs" "Sleeping Beauty" "Cinderella"

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Stories above are now found in books intend primarily for children , but these stories were originally called folktales, stories that circulated orally.[2] People who remembered them and told them again to other people. The fact that these tales had to remembered without the written text means that they had to have memorable features :
-Heavily rhythmic
-Balanced patterns
-Repetitions or antitheses
-Other formulary expressions

From Oral to Written Story [1]

-The ability of children learning read and write cause people less likely to want to hear story orally.
-Stories were recorded in print collection only because people in general stopped telling them orally .
-Before stories to be written down ,for people who wanted to hear the stories already had access to them orally.
-Today , parents and teachers become main audience for oral story telling to young children.

First written record of the tales were not originally write for children, and their taste and interests that adults usually assume modern children have.

The First Familiar Tales: Perrault's Versions ( Charles Perrault in 1697)[2]

Little Red Riding Hood Perrault's Version:


-Perrault is telling the story not just for children , also for adults.

-In Little Red Riding Hood, Perrault allows Red Riding Hood to go into the woods without any warning of potential danger
-Because she seems to take it for granted that a child is capable to survive in a dangerous world
-Red Riding Hood accepts the wolf 's invitation to take off the clothing and climb into bed with him, this just shows her ignorance.
-At the end of the story , the girl is dead and remains so.
-Children should know enough about evil to protect themselves from it .

-He also add a moral into the story :

The Grimm Versions: ( Brothers Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm in Germany,1812)

Little Red Riding Hood Grimm Version:


-Discover children should be the main audience to fairy tales
-They imply moral need of children in these stories ,1825
-Published a shorter edition of the tales clearly directed at children.

-In Red Riding Hood, Grimm informants children had ideas about dangerous.
-The mother in Grimm gives her daughter many warnings :"walk properly like a good girl", "don't forget to say good morning , don't go looking in all the corners"
-And this mother believes her daughter is too innocent to look after herself.
-Even the girl is lack of the knowledge or too ignorant , she also has a second chance---a hunter comes rescues her.

Difference Between Perrault and Grimms

-For the Perrault , Children should know enough about evil to protect themselves from it .
-For the Grimms, children need only know how much they don't know so that they can see the wisdom of accepting the advice of their parents.

Fairy Tales after Grimm:( modern version )

Reference :
1.Perry Nodelman & Mavis Reimer "The pleasure of Children's literature" Pearson Education , Inc. Boston , MA 2003.